The philosophy and the scientific thinking started in Ionia, and Samos used to be one of its cities and was not at all aloof. Pythagoras, the great mathematician and Aristarchus the astronomer (who was the first that formulated the solar system), were the basic representatives.
Zenith for arts and education in Samos was during tyranny of Polycrates. He established library with the most important documents.
Epicurus from Samos, the ancient Greek philosopher as well as the founder of the school of philosophy called Epicureanism.
Kallistratos from Samos, supplement the Greek alphabet with letters “ζ, ξ, η, ψ, ω”. The new alphabet was accepted by the whole of Greece and remains unchanged until today.
The great painter Agathargos was the first which draw with perspective in his paintings in order to create the illusion of third dimension, creating the depth. He also co-operated with Eschilus the tragedian for his scenography.top
Rhoecus and his sons Theodoros and Teleklis, who established the Great School of Arts are classified among the first artists of the world. They create the temple of Artemis at Ephesus (one of the seven wonders of antiquity) and the Temple of Hera in Samos (of the largest at that period). Considered a masterpiece and the “statue of the Night” (work Rhoikos), located in the temple of Artemis at Ephesus, which Romans ripped. Theodore with Teleclus created the giant statue of Apollo, of which half was made by Theodore in Ephesus and the other half the Teleclus in Samos. Theodore created a bronze statue of himself, (a little bigger than a fly, technical miracle) which in one hand clutching chisel and other chariot with four horses. Other works of Theodore was the “golden crater“, dedicated by Croesus to Delphi. Work from the same school is the monolithic colossal kouros, 4.75 meters height, unique in the world, the jewel of the museum of Samos. Also, the same artists discovered the lathe, the setsquare and the screw and manufacture hollow bronze statues and at Theodore B ‘attributed the construction of the legendary “ring of Polycrates”. The Samians considering the great work of Theodore, construct bronze coins with the head of Hera crowned, the bust lion and the name of Theodore.top
Other major personalities from Samos, known by their work is the great mathematician Conon (280 BC – 220 BC), friend and classmate of Archimedes, the historians Aethlios, Alexis, Douris, the poets Asclepiades, Kreofilos and Menekratis, the fabulist Aesop (620 – 564 BC), the navigator Colaeus who arrived until Tartessus (beyond Gibraltar), the engineer Mandroklis who construct floating bridge at Bosphorus to pass the army of Darius during his campaign against the Scythians and many more.
Herodotus, the great historian, also lived in Samos, during the period 487-486 as an exile, following his participation in a conspiracy for the overthrow of tyranny “Lygdamis” in his native Halicarnaso.top
Adages from Samian personalities
Neither act nor, be quiet, or say something better than silence, in a state of anger.
The injuries we do and those we suffer are seldom weighed in the same scales.
People often grudge others what they cannot enjoy themselves.
Life is never fair. For most of us, it’s perhaps better
No act of kindness, no matter how small, is ever wasted.
Do not seek for happiness, it is always within yourself
Self-conceit may lead to self destruction.
A human, trapped in his passions, is no longer free
Adventure is worthwhile.
It’s not enough to want, one should act
A crust eaten in peace is better than a banquet partaken in anxiety.
Better be wise by the misfortunes of others than by your own.
Do not count your chickens before they are hatched.
Outside show is a poor substitute for inner worth.
When leaving, do not look back
The level of our success is limited only by our imagination.
United we stand, divided we fall.
Never do what you do not know. But learn everything you should know
Do great things without promises
He that always gives way to others will end in having no principles of his own.
Friendship means equality. Friends share everything they have
Alcoholism is exercising in madness
Appearances are often deceiving.
Even though life moves forward, youth has to start everything anew
Try to be wise first,and be smart when you’ll have free time
To understand the nation, learn its language
Example is the best precept.
Injuries may be forgiven, but not forgotten.
Knowledge and wisdom is not the same thing
Gratitude is the sign of noble souls.
The smaller the mind the greater the conceit.
Our insignificance is often the cause of our safety.
Destroy the seed of evil, or it will grow up to your ruin.
Men often applaud an imitation and hiss the real thing.
It is in vain to expect our prayers to be heard, if we do not strive as well as pray.
If you allow men to use you for your own purposes, they will use you for theirs.
The vagueness of the word is a sign of uncertainty of thoughts.
The art of living happily is to live in present
A doubtful friend is worse than a certain enemy. Let a man be one thing or the other, and we then know how to meet him.
It is easy to be brave from a safe distance.
Bad hopes, like bad guides, lead to bad actions
A talented person feels happy when he puts his talent into practice
When waking up ask yourself, “What do I have to do today?” before going to sleep, ask “What I did today?
First of all do not lose your self-respect
“Yes” and “No”, require the most serious decision
Do not force children to cry too often, otherwise they will have nothing to cry over your grave
The art of happy life is to live in the present
A liar will not be believed, even when he speaks the truth.
Every truth has two sides, it is as well to look at both, before we commit ourselves to either.
A joke, like salt, should be consumed with moderation
The art of living a happy life is in living in the present
We would often be sorry if our wishes were gratified.
Trust your life to mind only
Don’t let your special character and values, the secret that you know and no one else does, the truth – don’t let that get swallowed up by the great chewing complacency.
Legislation should be the voice of reason
Familiarity breeds contempt.
We hang the petty thieves and appoint the great ones to public office.
He that is discontented in one place will seldom be happy in another.
Slow but steady wins the race.
Be content with your lot, one cannot be first in everything.
All thoughts that have huge consequences are always simple
Do not cross the limit in eating and drinking
Well, they say that numbers rule the world. At least there’s no doubt that numbers show how it is ruled.
Never trust the advice of a man in difficulties.
Persuasion is often more effectual than force.
It is thrifty to prepare today for the wants of tomorrow.
Please all, and you will please none.
We should look to the mind, and not to the outward appearance.
Beware lest you lose the substance by grasping at the shadow.
The more you know the world, the more you know yourself
Do not let your imagination run wild. It will produce monsters
A character creates a life
The little reed, bending to the force of the wind, soon stood upright again when the storm had passed over.
A citizen without property has no fatherland
Do not go for sleep until you have analyzed what you did during the day
Choose a friend, you can not be happy alone, happiness needs to be shared
After all is said and done, more is said than done.
The beginning is half of the case
Life is like a play, some people come to fight, others come to play and the happiest come to watch
Be a friend of the truth to the martyrdom, but do not be its defender to intolerance
Whatever people think about you, do what you think is fair. Be equally indifferent to censure and praise
It is not only fine feathers that make fine birds.
Plodding wins the race.
We often give our enemies the means for our own destruction.