The philosophy and the scientific thinking started in Ionia, and Samos used to be one of its cities and was not at all aloof. Pythagoras, the great mathematician and Aristarchus the astronomer (who was the first that formulated the solar system), were the basic representatives.
Zenith for arts and education in Samos was during tyranny of Polycrates. He established library with the most important documents.
Epicurus from Samos, the ancient Greek philosopher as well as the founder of the school of philosophy called Epicureanism.
Kallistratos from Samos, supplement the Greek alphabet with letters “ζ, ξ, η, ψ, ω”. The new alphabet was accepted by the whole of Greece and remains unchanged until today.
The great painter Agathargos was the first which draw with perspective in his paintings in order to create the illusion of third dimension, creating the depth. He also co-operated with Eschilus the tragedian for his scenography.top
Rhoecus and his sons Theodoros and Teleklis, who established the Great School of Arts are classified among the first artists of the world. They create the temple of Artemis at Ephesus (one of the seven wonders of antiquity) and the Temple of Hera in Samos (of the largest at that period). Considered a masterpiece and the “statue of the Night” (work Rhoikos), located in the temple of Artemis at Ephesus, which Romans ripped. Theodore with Teleclus created the giant statue of Apollo, of which half was made by Theodore in Ephesus and the other half the Teleclus in Samos. Theodore created a bronze statue of himself, (a little bigger than a fly, technical miracle) which in one hand clutching chisel and other chariot with four horses. Other works of Theodore was the “golden crater“, dedicated by Croesus to Delphi. Work from the same school is the monolithic colossal kouros, 4.75 meters height, unique in the world, the jewel of the museum of Samos. Also, the same artists discovered the lathe, the setsquare and the screw and manufacture hollow bronze statues and at Theodore B ‘attributed the construction of the legendary “ring of Polycrates”. The Samians considering the great work of Theodore, construct bronze coins with the head of Hera crowned, the bust lion and the name of Theodore.top
Other major personalities from Samos, known by their work is the great mathematician Conon (280 BC – 220 BC), friend and classmate of Archimedes, the historians Aethlios, Alexis, Douris, the poets Asclepiades, Kreofilos and Menekratis, the fabulist Aesop (620 – 564 BC), the navigator Colaeus who arrived until Tartessus (beyond Gibraltar), the engineer Mandroklis who construct floating bridge at Bosphorus to pass the army of Darius during his campaign against the Scythians and many more.
Herodotus, the great historian, also lived in Samos, during the period 487-486 as an exile, following his participation in a conspiracy for the overthrow of tyranny “Lygdamis” in his native Halicarnaso.top
Adages from Samian personalities
It is in vain to expect our prayers to be heard, if we do not strive as well as pray.
We would often be sorry if our wishes were gratified.
Whatever people think about you, do what you think is fair. Be equally indifferent to censure and praise
Gratitude is the sign of noble souls.
We often give our enemies the means for our own destruction.
It is easy to be brave from a safe distance.
Bad hopes, like bad guides, lead to bad actions
He that always gives way to others will end in having no principles of his own.
Legislation should be the voice of reason
Life is never fair. For most of us, it’s perhaps better
Self-conceit may lead to self destruction.
Knowledge and wisdom is not the same thing
A crust eaten in peace is better than a banquet partaken in anxiety.
Friendship means equality. Friends share everything they have
All thoughts that have huge consequences are always simple
A character creates a life
Trust your life to mind only
Never do what you do not know. But learn everything you should know
First of all do not lose your self-respect
Adventure is worthwhile.
Alcoholism is exercising in madness
Choose a friend, you can not be happy alone, happiness needs to be shared
The art of living a happy life is in living in the present
Beware lest you lose the substance by grasping at the shadow.
When leaving, do not look back
The vagueness of the word is a sign of uncertainty of thoughts.
Injuries may be forgiven, but not forgotten.
Do not force children to cry too often, otherwise they will have nothing to cry over your grave
To understand the nation, learn its language
Do not count your chickens before they are hatched.
Do great things without promises
The art of living happily is to live in present
A citizen without property has no fatherland
Do not cross the limit in eating and drinking
The level of our success is limited only by our imagination.
The injuries we do and those we suffer are seldom weighed in the same scales.
Be a friend of the truth to the martyrdom, but do not be its defender to intolerance
It is not only fine feathers that make fine birds.
“Yes” and “No”, require the most serious decision
Slow but steady wins the race.
Plodding wins the race.
Don’t let your special character and values, the secret that you know and no one else does, the truth – don’t let that get swallowed up by the great chewing complacency.
If you allow men to use you for your own purposes, they will use you for theirs.
A human, trapped in his passions, is no longer free
Do not go for sleep until you have analyzed what you did during the day
Please all, and you will please none.
A talented person feels happy when he puts his talent into practice
We hang the petty thieves and appoint the great ones to public office.
Try to be wise first,and be smart when you’ll have free time
No act of kindness, no matter how small, is ever wasted.
Every truth has two sides, it is as well to look at both, before we commit ourselves to either.
A liar will not be believed, even when he speaks the truth.
A joke, like salt, should be consumed with moderation
When waking up ask yourself, “What do I have to do today?” before going to sleep, ask “What I did today?
Better be wise by the misfortunes of others than by your own.
Do not seek for happiness, it is always within yourself
Well, they say that numbers rule the world. At least there’s no doubt that numbers show how it is ruled.
Life is like a play, some people come to fight, others come to play and the happiest come to watch
The little reed, bending to the force of the wind, soon stood upright again when the storm had passed over.
He that is discontented in one place will seldom be happy in another.
Familiarity breeds contempt.
Do not let your imagination run wild. It will produce monsters
Destroy the seed of evil, or it will grow up to your ruin.
Our insignificance is often the cause of our safety.
After all is said and done, more is said than done.
We should look to the mind, and not to the outward appearance.
Men often applaud an imitation and hiss the real thing.
The art of happy life is to live in the present
A doubtful friend is worse than a certain enemy. Let a man be one thing or the other, and we then know how to meet him.
Never trust the advice of a man in difficulties.
Example is the best precept.
Outside show is a poor substitute for inner worth.
Be content with your lot, one cannot be first in everything.
It is thrifty to prepare today for the wants of tomorrow.
The beginning is half of the case
People often grudge others what they cannot enjoy themselves.
Even though life moves forward, youth has to start everything anew
It’s not enough to want, one should act
The smaller the mind the greater the conceit.
Persuasion is often more effectual than force.
The more you know the world, the more you know yourself
Appearances are often deceiving.
Neither act nor, be quiet, or say something better than silence, in a state of anger.
United we stand, divided we fall.