The philosophy and the scientific thinking started in Ionia, and Samos used to be one of its cities and was not at all aloof. Pythagoras, the great mathematician and Aristarchus the astronomer (who was the first that formulated the solar system), were the basic representatives.
Zenith for arts and education in Samos was during tyranny of Polycrates. He established library with the most important documents.
Epicurus from Samos, the ancient Greek philosopher as well as the founder of the school of philosophy called Epicureanism.
Kallistratos from Samos, supplement the Greek alphabet with letters “ζ, ξ, η, ψ, ω”. The new alphabet was accepted by the whole of Greece and remains unchanged until today.
The great painter Agathargos was the first which draw with perspective in his paintings in order to create the illusion of third dimension, creating the depth. He also co-operated with Eschilus the tragedian for his scenography.top
Rhoecus and his sons Theodoros and Teleklis, who established the Great School of Arts are classified among the first artists of the world. They create the temple of Artemis at Ephesus (one of the seven wonders of antiquity) and the Temple of Hera in Samos (of the largest at that period). Considered a masterpiece and the “statue of the Night” (work Rhoikos), located in the temple of Artemis at Ephesus, which Romans ripped. Theodore with Teleclus created the giant statue of Apollo, of which half was made by Theodore in Ephesus and the other half the Teleclus in Samos. Theodore created a bronze statue of himself, (a little bigger than a fly, technical miracle) which in one hand clutching chisel and other chariot with four horses. Other works of Theodore was the “golden crater“, dedicated by Croesus to Delphi. Work from the same school is the monolithic colossal kouros, 4.75 meters height, unique in the world, the jewel of the museum of Samos. Also, the same artists discovered the lathe, the setsquare and the screw and manufacture hollow bronze statues and at Theodore B ‘attributed the construction of the legendary “ring of Polycrates”. The Samians considering the great work of Theodore, construct bronze coins with the head of Hera crowned, the bust lion and the name of Theodore.top
Other major personalities from Samos, known by their work is the great mathematician Conon (280 BC – 220 BC), friend and classmate of Archimedes, the historians Aethlios, Alexis, Douris, the poets Asclepiades, Kreofilos and Menekratis, the fabulist Aesop (620 – 564 BC), the navigator Colaeus who arrived until Tartessus (beyond Gibraltar), the engineer Mandroklis who construct floating bridge at Bosphorus to pass the army of Darius during his campaign against the Scythians and many more.
Herodotus, the great historian, also lived in Samos, during the period 487-486 as an exile, following his participation in a conspiracy for the overthrow of tyranny “Lygdamis” in his native Halicarnaso.top
Adages from Samian personalities
United we stand, divided we fall.
Be content with your lot, one cannot be first in everything.
Do not let your imagination run wild. It will produce monsters
Appearances are often deceiving.
Please all, and you will please none.
The art of happy life is to live in the present
The more you know the world, the more you know yourself
It is not only fine feathers that make fine birds.
Life is like a play, some people come to fight, others come to play and the happiest come to watch
Even though life moves forward, youth has to start everything anew
The level of our success is limited only by our imagination.
Gratitude is the sign of noble souls.
It is in vain to expect our prayers to be heard, if we do not strive as well as pray.
Knowledge and wisdom is not the same thing
Example is the best precept.
Destroy the seed of evil, or it will grow up to your ruin.
The beginning is half of the case
Do not seek for happiness, it is always within yourself
The vagueness of the word is a sign of uncertainty of thoughts.
Bad hopes, like bad guides, lead to bad actions
All thoughts that have huge consequences are always simple
Do not force children to cry too often, otherwise they will have nothing to cry over your grave
Persuasion is often more effectual than force.
Do great things without promises
When leaving, do not look back
Be a friend of the truth to the martyrdom, but do not be its defender to intolerance
Self-conceit may lead to self destruction.
We often give our enemies the means for our own destruction.
The art of living happily is to live in present
Try to be wise first,and be smart when you’ll have free time
Outside show is a poor substitute for inner worth.
Alcoholism is exercising in madness
People often grudge others what they cannot enjoy themselves.
Friendship means equality. Friends share everything they have
Choose a friend, you can not be happy alone, happiness needs to be shared
Trust your life to mind only
After all is said and done, more is said than done.
It’s not enough to want, one should act
A crust eaten in peace is better than a banquet partaken in anxiety.
Familiarity breeds contempt.
A character creates a life
Every truth has two sides, it is as well to look at both, before we commit ourselves to either.
A doubtful friend is worse than a certain enemy. Let a man be one thing or the other, and we then know how to meet him.
We should look to the mind, and not to the outward appearance.
He that always gives way to others will end in having no principles of his own.
Never do what you do not know. But learn everything you should know
Beware lest you lose the substance by grasping at the shadow.
It is easy to be brave from a safe distance.
Do not count your chickens before they are hatched.
First of all do not lose your self-respect
Never trust the advice of a man in difficulties.
A talented person feels happy when he puts his talent into practice
The injuries we do and those we suffer are seldom weighed in the same scales.
When waking up ask yourself, “What do I have to do today?” before going to sleep, ask “What I did today?
The smaller the mind the greater the conceit.
A joke, like salt, should be consumed with moderation
Legislation should be the voice of reason
Well, they say that numbers rule the world. At least there’s no doubt that numbers show how it is ruled.
Do not go for sleep until you have analyzed what you did during the day
Life is never fair. For most of us, it’s perhaps better
No act of kindness, no matter how small, is ever wasted.
Don’t let your special character and values, the secret that you know and no one else does, the truth – don’t let that get swallowed up by the great chewing complacency.
He that is discontented in one place will seldom be happy in another.
Better be wise by the misfortunes of others than by your own.
It is thrifty to prepare today for the wants of tomorrow.
The art of living a happy life is in living in the present
Whatever people think about you, do what you think is fair. Be equally indifferent to censure and praise
Our insignificance is often the cause of our safety.
The little reed, bending to the force of the wind, soon stood upright again when the storm had passed over.
Men often applaud an imitation and hiss the real thing.
We hang the petty thieves and appoint the great ones to public office.
Do not cross the limit in eating and drinking
If you allow men to use you for your own purposes, they will use you for theirs.
To understand the nation, learn its language
Injuries may be forgiven, but not forgotten.
A citizen without property has no fatherland
A human, trapped in his passions, is no longer free
We would often be sorry if our wishes were gratified.
Neither act nor, be quiet, or say something better than silence, in a state of anger.
A liar will not be believed, even when he speaks the truth.
“Yes” and “No”, require the most serious decision
Plodding wins the race.
Adventure is worthwhile.
Slow but steady wins the race.