Village altitude 270 m
Village land area 0,16 km2
Region averege altitude 169 m, mountain
Region land area 48,07 km2
Population 2011: 1.060, 2001: 1.329, 1928: 3.622, 1828, 3.147 inhabitants.
Area per person 151 m² per person.
Economy relies mainly agriculture & tourism, less in fishing. In earlier days there were also many sailors.
Marathokampos village (Greek: Μαραθόκαμπος), is located at the foothills of Kerkis mountain, on the hillside “Fterias”. The distances are: from Samos town 44 km, from Karlovasi town 13 Km and from Pythagorio town 33 Km. It’s the southwestern-most municipality of Samos (till 2011) and current “center of Marathokampos municipal unity”.
Is built amphitheatrically, with stunning view to Aegean sea till the islands of Fourni, Patmos, Arki, Lipsi, Agathonisi Samiopoula even in Leros and kalimno, when the weather permits.
The beautiful traditional village houses are built very close to each other, thus creating a maze of streets, which was one way of defense against pirate attacks.
Originally the village was built lower to the area “Loukeika”, near “kampos Marathokampou”, but later moved to its current location, perhaps for security reasons (pirate attacks), perhaps for the water supply, or for other unknown reasons. Originally the village was built around the springs, and later expanded to the west.
It is not exactly known when the village was built. Most likely the village was built in the early 16th century, since there are reports for the existence of the village at this period, as Archbishop Ι.Georgeirinis (1666-1671) mentions. At his description of Samos he says that in his time, Marathokampos had 200 houses and two churches, also the reference of the abbot of the monastery “Chozoviotissa” Theodosius, who in his will (27/03/1624) states that he was born in Marathokampos. Therefore, Marathokampos is one of the first villages on the island, after the launch of Samos Marathokampos (after 1550).
As mentioned, the first inhabitants of the village wre from the island of Chios, especially Samians who fled to Chios, after Samos depopulation (about 15th century) and returned. Also people from Peloponnese, Crete, Ikaria, Dodecanese and even other regions came, mostly rebels and warriors fleeing from the Turks, because in Samos they were safe, as It was an independent island.
the author A. Stamatiadis in his book “Samiaka”, provides us a good image of the village during late of 19th century: “Marathokampos has 912 houses, 7 parish churches and 3.750 residents who are employed on agriculture and shipping. They produces oil, anise, carob, silk and soap. In Marathokampos there are some public and municipal offices, including the court, the county court, the Boarding School, the girls primary school and a litle monastery for nuns”
The Court building was built at the period of the ruler K. Adosidis (1879-1885), in present times it’s the high school of Marathokampos.top
The author “E.Kritikidis” in his book “Samos Topography” wrote that the first inhabitants came from Gytheio or Marathonisio (in Peloponnese), from where it got its name.
Ιt is likely that the name comes from the plenty fennel (in Greek Marathos) which grows around the village, by which they collect the seed to produce anise, which is not inferior in essential oils and fragrances from the normal plant anise (Pimpinella anisum).
Eight settlements belong to Marathokampos village, Sevasteika settlement, 4 Km north-east from the village (now uninhabited), Velanidia settlement, 5 Km south-east from the village, with 74 inhabitants, Ormos Marathokampou settlement 4,5 Km south from the village with 35 inhabitants, Kampos Marathokampou settlement 7 Km south-west from the village with 489 inhabitants, Isomata settlement 9 Km south-west from the village (in between Kampos & Limnionas) with 6 inhabitants, Limnionas settlement 13 Km south-west from the village with 35 inhabitants, Agia Kiriaki settlement 13 Km south-west from the village with 42 inhabitants and Paleochori settlement 19 Km south-west from the village with 15 inhabitants.top
- Worth a walk in Marathokampos, to see old traditional stone houses and many neoclassical as well, the narrow maze of streets and old arches.
- You can also visit the elaborate fountain of “Luga”, with the perennial plane tree, that built at the period of the ruler K. Adosidis, in 1881.
- Do not miss the impressive custom of “bombshell” the next day of the Orthodox Easter