Village altitude 140 m
Village land area 0,07 km2
Region averege altitude 117 m, semi-mountainous
Region land area 20,29 km2
Population 2011: 497, 2001: 684, 1981: 573, 1961: 786, & 1928: 1.233 inhabitants.
Area per person 140 m² per person.
Economy relies mainly on agriculture (olives trees) less in tourism at the settlements of the village.
Paleokastro or Paliokastro village (Greek: Παλαιόκαστρο or Παλιόκαστρο) is located to the east of the island, and to thesouth-east of Samos town. The distances are: 7 Km from Samos town, 10 km from Pythagorio town, 32 Km from Pythagorio town and 45 Km from Marathokampos village. Administratively it belongs to the “municipal unity of Vathi”.
Built on a small plateau, it is surrounded by hills and invisible from the sea, because of the pirates feartop
History & name
The village was built early of 17th century and the name comes (in Greek, Palaio-kastro=old castle) from a small castle (Byzantine period), which was probably built during the 7th-8th CE. Just 600 m to the west of the village, you will find the remaining walls of the castle and also the picturesque church of Agios Trifonas (belonging to the Monastery of Iviron, Mount Athos), whose one side is built upon the castle walls.top
Five settlements belong to Paleokastro village, Argiros settlement, 2 Km south of the village with 44 inhabitants, Klima settlement at the seaside, 9 Km south-east from Paleokastro with 25 inhabitants, Posidonio settlement at the seaside, 8 Km south-east from Paleokastro with 30 inhabitants, Kerrveli (or charavgi) settlement at the seaside, 8 Km east-south from Paleokastro with 53 inhabitants and Psili ammos settlement at the seaside, 6,5 Km south from Paleokastro with 48 inhabitants.
The settlements of Psili ammos, Posidonio, Klima and Kerrveli (or charavgi) because of the beautiful beaches, have been developed in tourism and feature hotels, restaurants, cafes, mini markets etc. and of course crystal clear sea.top