Village altitude 600 m
Village land area 0,02 km2
Region averege altitude 630 m, mountainous
Region land area 10,62 km2
Population 2011: 107, 2001: 166, 1981: 262, 1961: 504, & 1940: 661, 1869: 478 inhabitants.
Area per person 187 m² per person.
Economy relies mainly on agriculture (olives trees and viticulture).
Pandrosos village (Greek: Πάνδροσος) is located at the center of the island, at the south-west foothills of “Ambelos” mountain (or Karvounis). The distances are: 20 km from Pythagorio town, 33 Km from Samos town, 23 Km from Karlovasi town and 20 Km from Marathokampos village.
It is the highest altitude village on the island, with beautiful view over the southwest foothils of “Ambelos” mountain (or Karvounis), and is also one of the few villages that do not have view to the sea.
Τhe villages Pandrosos and Mesogios, which located 800 m southerly, are interrelated, with common history and original name..top
According “Samiaka” (1862) by the E.Stamatiadi, the first settlers of the villages were two families “Arvanites*” from Albania, warriors fighting the Turks under the leader Skanderbeg (George Castriot) which after his death were dispersed all over to escape from the Ottomans.
* Arvanites are a population group in Greece, from the current Northern Epirus, whose members speak Arvanitika, a mix of Albanian language.
Em. Kritikidis in his book “Topography of Samos” (1869), states that the first settlers were Albanians.
The author Ν.Zafiriou, in his book “Archive of Samos” (1945-1946) disagrees and claims that there were not only two families but more and it was not Arvanites but Greeks from south Epirus. And concludes, that if they were Arvanites, there must have been names in the area in their dialect, while there aren’t any.
The author “N.Dimitriou”, in his book “Folklore of Samos” (1983-1997) disagrees also with the view that the first inhabitants were Arvanites. Additionally he supports the point of view, that if they were Arvanites, some would continue to speak this dialect or some words from it while there aren’t any. Additionally, the dialect of these villages, looks amazingly close with some villages of Tinos island and it’s possible that they cameme from there, or at least, to have a common origin. The author, excludes any possibility of Arvanites coming to Samos.
Supporting the view of author Dimitriou, it is more likely that the first inhabitants were not Arvanites but from Tinos island.
The first name of the village was “Pano (=Upper) Arvanites” which according to the author Ν. Zafiriou, the first name of the village “Arvanites”, originated from the characterization that given to them, the inhabitants of the neighboring villages (Pirgos and Mavratzei), who called them so disparaging.
It is less probable the opinion that the name “Arvanites” came from the origin of the first settlers, as supports the author Ep. Stamatiadis.
Since 1958, the name of the village was changed to “Pandroso” which was probably chosen due to the cool climate (Pandrosos= full of coolness).
It is very likely that you will hear it, even today as “Pano Arvanites” or “Arvanites” for both villages (Pandrosos and Mesogeios) since many of the locals still use the old name of these villages.top
- Just before the village a dirt road starts, leading to “Ambelos” mountain (or Karvounis) from where you can reach the top, or continue north to villages “Vourliotes” or “Manolates“, or other destinations on several dirt roads.