Village altitude 600 m
Village land area 0,02 km2
Region averege altitude 630 m, mountainous
Region land area 10,62 km2
Population 2011: 107, 2001: 166, 1981: 262, 1961: 504, & 1940: 661 inhabitants.
Area per person 187 m² per person.
Economy relies mainly on agriculture (olives trees and viticulture).
Pandrosos village (Greek: Πάνδροσος) is located at the center of the island, at the south-west foothills of “Ambelos” mountain (or Karvounis). The distances are: 20 km from Pythagorio town, 33 Km from Samos town, 23 Km from Karlovasi town and 20 Km from Marathokampos village. Administratively belongs to the “municipal unity of Pythagorio”.
It is the highest altitude village on the island, with beautiful view over the southwest foothils of “Ambelos” mountain (or Karvounis), and is also one of the few villages that do not have view to the sea.
Although the area was hit by fires at 2000, new vegetation grows quickly, and in a few years will again have the vegetation it used to.
Historically, the villages Pandrosos and Mesogios (located 800 m before Pandrosos) are interrelated, and are very often considered as one village.top
History & name
According the author E.Stamatiadi, the first inhabitants of the villages were two families “Arvanites*” from Albania, warriors fighting the Turks under the leader Skanderbeg (George Castriot) which after his death were dispersed all over to escape from the Ottomans.
*Arvanites are a population group in Greece, from the current Northern Epirus, whose members speak Arvanitika, a mix of Albanian language.
The author Zafiriou, in his book “Archive of Samos” disagrees and claims that there were not only two families but more and it was not Arvanites but Greeks from south Epirus. Additionally he supports that the first name of the village “Arvanites”, originated from the neighboring villages (Pirgos and Mavratzei), who called them so disparaging. And concludes, that if they were Arvanites, there must have been names in the area in their dialect, while there aren’t any.
The author “N.Dimitriou”, in his book “Folklore of Samos” disagrees also with the view that the first inhabitants were Arvanites. Additionally he supports the idea that if they were Arvanites, some would continue to speak this dialect or some words from it while there aren’t any. Additionally, the dialect of these villages, looks amazingly close with some villages of Tinos island and it’s possible that they cameme from there, or at least, to have a common origin. The author, excludes any possibility of Arvanites coming to Samos.
Supporting the view of author Dimitriou, it is more likely that the first inhabitants were not Arvanites but from Tinos island.
The first name of the village was “Pano (=Upper) Arvanites” but how they got this name there are several versions as listed above. Most likely is that came from the neighboring villages (Pirgos and Mavratzei), who called them so, disparaging.
At the year 1958 the name of the village was changed to “Pandrosos“ and it’s valid until today, but many locals still use the old name of the village “Pano Arvanites” or “Arvanites” for both villages (Pandrosos and Mesogios)