The philosophy and the scientific thinking started in Ionia, and Samos used to be one of its cities and was not at all aloof. Pythagoras, the great mathematician and Aristarchus the astronomer (who was the first that formulated the solar system), were the basic representatives.
Zenith for arts and education in Samos was during tyranny of Polycrates. He established library with the most important documents.
Epicurus from Samos, the ancient Greek philosopher as well as the founder of the school of philosophy called Epicureanism.
Kallistratos from Samos, supplement the Greek alphabet with letters “ζ, ξ, η, ψ, ω”. The new alphabet was accepted by the whole of Greece and remains unchanged until today.
The great painter Agathargos was the first which draw with perspective in his paintings in order to create the illusion of third dimension, creating the depth. He also co-operated with Eschilus the tragedian for his scenography.top
Rhoecus and his sons Theodoros and Teleklis, who established the Great School of Arts are classified among the first artists of the world. They create the temple of Artemis at Ephesus (one of the seven wonders of antiquity) and the Temple of Hera in Samos (of the largest at that period). Considered a masterpiece and the “statue of the Night” (work Rhoikos), located in the temple of Artemis at Ephesus, which Romans ripped. Theodore with Teleclus created the giant statue of Apollo, of which half was made by Theodore in Ephesus and the other half the Teleclus in Samos. Theodore created a bronze statue of himself, (a little bigger than a fly, technical miracle) which in one hand clutching chisel and other chariot with four horses. Other works of Theodore was the “golden crater“, dedicated by Croesus to Delphi. Work from the same school is the monolithic colossal kouros, 4.75 meters height, unique in the world, the jewel of the museum of Samos. Also, the same artists discovered the lathe, the setsquare and the screw and manufacture hollow bronze statues and at Theodore B ‘attributed the construction of the legendary “ring of Polycrates”. The Samians considering the great work of Theodore, construct bronze coins with the head of Hera crowned, the bust lion and the name of Theodore.top
Other major personalities from Samos, known by their work is the great mathematician Conon (280 BC – 220 BC), friend and classmate of Archimedes, the historians Aethlios, Alexis, Douris, the poets Asclepiades, Kreofilos and Menekratis, the fabulist Aesop (620 – 564 BC), the navigator Colaeus who arrived until Tartessus (beyond Gibraltar), the engineer Mandroklis who construct floating bridge at Bosphorus to pass the army of Darius during his campaign against the Scythians and many more.
Herodotus, the great historian, also lived in Samos, during the period 487-486 as an exile, following his participation in a conspiracy for the overthrow of tyranny “Lygdamis” in his native Halicarnaso.top
Adages from Samian personalities
“Yes” and “No”, require the most serious decision
Well, they say that numbers rule the world. At least there’s no doubt that numbers show how it is ruled.
We would often be sorry if our wishes were gratified.
The injuries we do and those we suffer are seldom weighed in the same scales.
Better be wise by the misfortunes of others than by your own.
Appearances are often deceiving.
Knowledge and wisdom is not the same thing
Don’t let your special character and values, the secret that you know and no one else does, the truth – don’t let that get swallowed up by the great chewing complacency.
No act of kindness, no matter how small, is ever wasted.
Familiarity breeds contempt.
Bad hopes, like bad guides, lead to bad actions
Injuries may be forgiven, but not forgotten.
The more you know the world, the more you know yourself
Beware lest you lose the substance by grasping at the shadow.
Gratitude is the sign of noble souls.
Do not force children to cry too often, otherwise they will have nothing to cry over your grave
First of all do not lose your self-respect
Men often applaud an imitation and hiss the real thing.
To understand the nation, learn its language
He that is discontented in one place will seldom be happy in another.
Self-conceit may lead to self destruction.
The art of living happily is to live in present
The beginning is half of the case
Be content with your lot, one cannot be first in everything.
A joke, like salt, should be consumed with moderation
Choose a friend, you can not be happy alone, happiness needs to be shared
Neither act nor, be quiet, or say something better than silence, in a state of anger.
All thoughts that have huge consequences are always simple
It is easy to be brave from a safe distance.
It is in vain to expect our prayers to be heard, if we do not strive as well as pray.
Adventure is worthwhile.
It is not only fine feathers that make fine birds.
Example is the best precept.
Do not go for sleep until you have analyzed what you did during the day
Alcoholism is exercising in madness
Outside show is a poor substitute for inner worth.
A crust eaten in peace is better than a banquet partaken in anxiety.
He that always gives way to others will end in having no principles of his own.
It’s not enough to want, one should act
Slow but steady wins the race.
A liar will not be believed, even when he speaks the truth.
A doubtful friend is worse than a certain enemy. Let a man be one thing or the other, and we then know how to meet him.
A character creates a life
The little reed, bending to the force of the wind, soon stood upright again when the storm had passed over.
If you allow men to use you for your own purposes, they will use you for theirs.
Even though life moves forward, youth has to start everything anew
After all is said and done, more is said than done.
Destroy the seed of evil, or it will grow up to your ruin.
Do not count your chickens before they are hatched.
Whatever people think about you, do what you think is fair. Be equally indifferent to censure and praise
We hang the petty thieves and appoint the great ones to public office.
Every truth has two sides, it is as well to look at both, before we commit ourselves to either.
A citizen without property has no fatherland
Never trust the advice of a man in difficulties.
When waking up ask yourself, “What do I have to do today?” before going to sleep, ask “What I did today?
Plodding wins the race.
Never do what you do not know. But learn everything you should know
We should look to the mind, and not to the outward appearance.
Be a friend of the truth to the martyrdom, but do not be its defender to intolerance
Our insignificance is often the cause of our safety.
The art of living a happy life is in living in the present
Life is never fair. For most of us, it’s perhaps better
Life is like a play, some people come to fight, others come to play and the happiest come to watch
The art of happy life is to live in the present
Legislation should be the voice of reason
It is thrifty to prepare today for the wants of tomorrow.
A talented person feels happy when he puts his talent into practice
Do not cross the limit in eating and drinking
Please all, and you will please none.
Trust your life to mind only
The vagueness of the word is a sign of uncertainty of thoughts.
Do great things without promises
Friendship means equality. Friends share everything they have
The smaller the mind the greater the conceit.
The level of our success is limited only by our imagination.
A human, trapped in his passions, is no longer free
When leaving, do not look back
Persuasion is often more effectual than force.
Do not let your imagination run wild. It will produce monsters
We often give our enemies the means for our own destruction.
Try to be wise first,and be smart when you’ll have free time
Do not seek for happiness, it is always within yourself
People often grudge others what they cannot enjoy themselves.
United we stand, divided we fall.