The philosophy and the scientific thinking started in Ionia, and Samos used to be one of its cities and was not at all aloof. Pythagoras, the great mathematician and Aristarchus the astronomer (who was the first that formulated the solar system), were the basic representatives.
Zenith for arts and education in Samos was during tyranny of Polycrates. He established library with the most important documents.
Epicurus from Samos, the ancient Greek philosopher as well as the founder of the school of philosophy called Epicureanism.
Kallistratos from Samos, supplement the Greek alphabet with letters “ζ, ξ, η, ψ, ω”. The new alphabet was accepted by the whole of Greece and remains unchanged until today.
The great painter Agathargos was the first which draw with perspective in his paintings in order to create the illusion of third dimension, creating the depth. He also co-operated with Eschilus the tragedian for his scenography.top
Rhoecus and his sons Theodoros and Teleklis, who established the Great School of Arts are classified among the first artists of the world. They create the temple of Artemis at Ephesus (one of the seven wonders of antiquity) and the Temple of Hera in Samos (of the largest at that period). Considered a masterpiece and the “statue of the Night” (work Rhoikos), located in the temple of Artemis at Ephesus, which Romans ripped. Theodore with Teleclus created the giant statue of Apollo, of which half was made by Theodore in Ephesus and the other half the Teleclus in Samos. Theodore created a bronze statue of himself, (a little bigger than a fly, technical miracle) which in one hand clutching chisel and other chariot with four horses. Other works of Theodore was the “golden crater“, dedicated by Croesus to Delphi. Work from the same school is the monolithic colossal kouros, 4.75 meters height, unique in the world, the jewel of the museum of Samos. Also, the same artists discovered the lathe, the setsquare and the screw and manufacture hollow bronze statues and at Theodore B ‘attributed the construction of the legendary “ring of Polycrates”. The Samians considering the great work of Theodore, construct bronze coins with the head of Hera crowned, the bust lion and the name of Theodore.top
Other major personalities from Samos, known by their work is the great mathematician Conon (280 BC – 220 BC), friend and classmate of Archimedes, the historians Aethlios, Alexis, Douris, the poets Asclepiades, Kreofilos and Menekratis, the fabulist Aesop (620 – 564 BC), the navigator Colaeus who arrived until Tartessus (beyond Gibraltar), the engineer Mandroklis who construct floating bridge at Bosphorus to pass the army of Darius during his campaign against the Scythians and many more.
Herodotus, the great historian, also lived in Samos, during the period 487-486 as an exile, following his participation in a conspiracy for the overthrow of tyranny “Lygdamis” in his native Halicarnaso.top
Adages from Samian personalities
A human, trapped in his passions, is no longer free
Outside show is a poor substitute for inner worth.
A citizen without property has no fatherland
Gratitude is the sign of noble souls.
The smaller the mind the greater the conceit.
The little reed, bending to the force of the wind, soon stood upright again when the storm had passed over.
It is in vain to expect our prayers to be heard, if we do not strive as well as pray.
A liar will not be believed, even when he speaks the truth.
Beware lest you lose the substance by grasping at the shadow.
“Yes” and “No”, require the most serious decision
Persuasion is often more effectual than force.
Even though life moves forward, youth has to start everything anew
First of all do not lose your self-respect
The beginning is half of the case
Slow but steady wins the race.
Appearances are often deceiving.
Do not cross the limit in eating and drinking
People often grudge others what they cannot enjoy themselves.
Our insignificance is often the cause of our safety.
Do not count your chickens before they are hatched.
After all is said and done, more is said than done.
Neither act nor, be quiet, or say something better than silence, in a state of anger.
Life is never fair. For most of us, it’s perhaps better
Don’t let your special character and values, the secret that you know and no one else does, the truth – don’t let that get swallowed up by the great chewing complacency.
The vagueness of the word is a sign of uncertainty of thoughts.
It is not only fine feathers that make fine birds.
United we stand, divided we fall.
Be content with your lot, one cannot be first in everything.
Friendship means equality. Friends share everything they have
Please all, and you will please none.
We hang the petty thieves and appoint the great ones to public office.
The art of happy life is to live in the present
Do not go for sleep until you have analyzed what you did during the day
The art of living happily is to live in present
We often give our enemies the means for our own destruction.
Bad hopes, like bad guides, lead to bad actions
The level of our success is limited only by our imagination.
If you allow men to use you for your own purposes, they will use you for theirs.
The injuries we do and those we suffer are seldom weighed in the same scales.
Do not let your imagination run wild. It will produce monsters
Try to be wise first,and be smart when you’ll have free time
Every truth has two sides, it is as well to look at both, before we commit ourselves to either.
Alcoholism is exercising in madness
A talented person feels happy when he puts his talent into practice
Do not seek for happiness, it is always within yourself
Be a friend of the truth to the martyrdom, but do not be its defender to intolerance
Knowledge and wisdom is not the same thing
Men often applaud an imitation and hiss the real thing.
Adventure is worthwhile.
We should look to the mind, and not to the outward appearance.
All thoughts that have huge consequences are always simple
When waking up ask yourself, “What do I have to do today?” before going to sleep, ask “What I did today?
A doubtful friend is worse than a certain enemy. Let a man be one thing or the other, and we then know how to meet him.
It’s not enough to want, one should act
Legislation should be the voice of reason
We would often be sorry if our wishes were gratified.
He that is discontented in one place will seldom be happy in another.
Familiarity breeds contempt.
It is easy to be brave from a safe distance.
Do not force children to cry too often, otherwise they will have nothing to cry over your grave
Better be wise by the misfortunes of others than by your own.
When leaving, do not look back
To understand the nation, learn its language
The more you know the world, the more you know yourself
A crust eaten in peace is better than a banquet partaken in anxiety.
It is thrifty to prepare today for the wants of tomorrow.
Self-conceit may lead to self destruction.
A character creates a life
Never trust the advice of a man in difficulties.
Destroy the seed of evil, or it will grow up to your ruin.
A joke, like salt, should be consumed with moderation
Trust your life to mind only
Whatever people think about you, do what you think is fair. Be equally indifferent to censure and praise
The art of living a happy life is in living in the present
Choose a friend, you can not be happy alone, happiness needs to be shared
Never do what you do not know. But learn everything you should know
No act of kindness, no matter how small, is ever wasted.
Do great things without promises
Well, they say that numbers rule the world. At least there’s no doubt that numbers show how it is ruled.
Example is the best precept.
Plodding wins the race.
Life is like a play, some people come to fight, others come to play and the happiest come to watch
He that always gives way to others will end in having no principles of his own.
Injuries may be forgiven, but not forgotten.